ADA drinking fountain – The American with Disabilities Act (ADA), passed by the US federal government in 1990, ensures the safety of people with disabilities in public facilities. The adopted construction and design, which made it possible for people with disabilities to travel through and use public facilities without undue hardship. One of the requirements of the ADA dealt with the design and use of drinking fountains.
ADA requirements for drinking water fountains are in place to allow those who have a physical disability the opportunity to use drinking fountains like everyone else. ADA drinking fountain should be accessible to persons with disabilities and their position shall be plainly indicated by the right ADA compliant signage. Drinking fountains cannot be in the way of travel and must be inside an alcove or rails on both sides to ensure that the drinking fountain is not a trip hazard for those with visual impairments. The drinking fountains must have both a high and a low-level drinking fountain with the low drinking fountain with a spout height no higher than 36 inches from the finished floor.
All drinking fountains must have a knee-space clearance from the bottom of the apron to the finished floor beneath at least 27 inches in height, 30 inches in width and 17 to 19 inches in depth. A 30-by -48-inch clear floor space is required to provide a wheelchair to cope with ADA drinking fountain when it is in use. A minimum of 9 inches of free space required at the bottom of a drinking apron to the finished floor, so a wheelchair to conveniently roll underneath.